National Museum, Stockholm.

Sweden - National Museum

The National Museum, in Stockholm, is a national gallery. It was at first named the Royal Museum and started in 1792. The current building (influenced in North Italian Renaissance architecture) of the museum was designed by a German architect and finished by the year of 1866.

Sweden’s biggest art collection is found in this museum. There are various painting and sculptures in the National Museum. The amount of prints and drawing items dated from late medieval times to 1900, is recorded as being about 500 000 in the museum.

Some famous collections of works include ones by the artists of Rembrandt, Watteau, Edouard Manet, Johan Tobias Sergel, Carl Larsson, Carl Fredrik Hill and Ernst Josephson.

The Gustavsberg porcelain collection has about 35 000 porcelain items. These items were produced at the Gustavsberg Porcelain Factory, which was manufacturing such items from the 1830s to 1994.
There is also an art library and restaurant associated with the museum. The National Museum is open to visitors every week day.

Some noteworthy pieces of artwork found in the museum:
•Cupid and Psyche dated from1787, is a sculpture made by Johan Tobias Sergel. Johan was known as a talented sculptor of the Gustavian era. The symbolism or message of the sculpture represents victory of love over weakness. It is of an angel holding hands with a woman on her knees.
•The Lady with the Veil is a portrait dated from 1769. Painted by Alexander Roslin, the portrait is of an elegant woman and considered to be a glamorized representation of 18th Sweden.

There are two levels in the museum. The top or 2nd level is orientated to painting and sculpture. Level 1 is mainly artifacts made by Swedes, such as porcelain, furniture, silver, glass, art work and sculptures. These all are dated from the 15th century to current modern dated designs.

At the back of the upper staircase, is a magnificent wall painting by Carl Larsson. This mural depicts the entrance of King Gustav Vasa in the year of 1523, into Stockholm.

There are a variety of ceramics, glass, textiles, precious and non-precious metals, books and furniture dated from the 14th century to the present date. These items are all part of the National Museum’s collection of applied art, design and industrial design.

This museum is also the site of one of the best 18th century French art works, in the world. The well-known Antione Watteau (a French artist) had a niche for painting fête galante (celebrated pursuits or activities of the rich aristocrats in the 18th century). There is a painting titled, ‘The Love Lesson’ done in 1716 to 1717 displaying young couples in playful moods that is part of the great art works. Other international art works include some significant Dutch ones from the 17th century.

Visitors may view the great art works in this museum, all days of the week and on almost every day of the year.

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