As the Sami are an indigenous people it becomes a fine balance in protecting their way of life and preserving the natural landscape. As the park is situated on territory belonging to the Sami villages of Sirkas, Jåhkågaskka and Tuorpons, the Sami who are legal residents of those villages are permitted to pasture their reindeer in the park too. In carrying out these activities, the Sami have the right to use motorised vehicles such as snowmobiles or helicopters yet these activities may affect the natural wild life.
In 1732, it is recorded that the first Swede;by the name of Carl von Linné, ventured into this region to explore the mountains. Charles Rabot, was a Frenchman who was the first to summit Sarektjåkkå (the second largest mountain in the country located on the eastern border of Sarek National Park) in 1881.
In 1872 the first national park was opened, this inspired the Swedish polar explorer, namely Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld to propose using the new concept to protect Swedish nature. Various men gathered together and parliament accepted this which led to the first 9 National Parks in Sweden being officially declared in 1909. At that time there were not any in Europe. Sarek National Park was one of those parks;and consequently can lay claim to fame as being among the oldest in Europe.
There are not any marked trails for hikers, as well as no accommodation. Anyone hiking in this park should be an intermediate to advanced hiker;as the lack of shelter, along with alternating weather and dangerous wild terrain does require experience to safely explore. Despite the streams being considered dangerous and hard to cross without proper experience, there are only two bridges. The water levels tend to be higher in the summer months, as the ice glaciers have melted more. This area is also noted as being among the rainiest in the country especially in summer, which affects hiking.
High peaks and narrow valleys are part of the landscape, which is mainly an alpine area.
For more information, please view: https://www.sverigesnationalparker.se