The Cathedral of Uppsala.

Sweden - Cathedrals

There are various cathedrals in Sweden that are historically impressive buildings. This page mentions several such structures.
•Saint Eric's Cathedral in the capital city of Stockholm, was built in 1892 but was only classed as a cathedral in 1953, with the formation of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. This Roman Catholic Diocese is the only one in Sweden. This cathedral is unique in Sweden for being a Roman Catholic worshipping site. The congregation notably extended after World War II, after there was significant immigration of Catholics.

•Uppsala Cathedral in the city of Uppsala and inaugurated by 1435. This cathedral, which took over 100 years to build, has claim to fame as the highest one in Scandinavia standing 118.7 meters tall. Although its denomination is the Lutheran Church of Sweden, it was originally a church used for Roman Catholic worship. The seat of the Archbishop of Uppsala is based in this cathedral.

Another famous structure that is part of this cathedral is Thornan - the biggest bell in Sweden. This major bell was part of war booty taken from Poland in 1703 and now hangs in the northern tower of Uppsala Cathedral.

Its decoration has links to the Neo-Gothic style, changed from the medieval style of Baltic International Gothic.

There is a memorial for Dag Hammarskjöld (former Secretary-General of the United Nations) in the building. King Gustav Vasa was buried there with his wives, among other significant deceased people from history.

Stockholm Cathedral, or Storkyrkan in Sweden.

Gothenburg Cathedral.

In the year of 1872, the last Swedish monarch to be coroneted in the cathedral was Oscar II. Before that many other kings and queens of Sweden were ceremoniously crowned at Uppsala Cathedral.

•Strängnäs Cathedral is a Scandinavian Brick Gothic styled cathedral church mainly constructed of bricks in 1296. It is estimated that the original wooden church at the site was constructed during the first decades of the 12th century. Even before that time there are records of pagan rituals being performed at the site.

•Stockholm Cathedral or Sankt Nikolai kyrka (Church of St. Nicholas) or Storkyrkan (The Great Church) is a prime Swedish Gothic Brick structure in the capital city of Stockholm. It has the Royal Palace and the Stockholm Stock Exchange Building, among some other important buildings, as its neighbours. This cathedral has been used as the official site of royal coronations, weddings and funerals. On the 19 June 1976, King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia were married in this cathedral. On the same day, 14 years later their daughter, Crown Princess Victoria married her husband also in this building.

Besides various impressive structures that are part of the cathedral, there is the oldest known copy of an original image of Stockholm that can be found in the building. The copy image is dated from 1632 and is based on the original, which is lost and known to be dated from 1535. It is a halo display and called ‘The Sun Dog Painting’.

The exact date of origins of this cathedral is not known for sure yet the earliest written record dates back to it in 1279.

•Visby Cathedral is situated in one of the best preserved cities, on the island Gotland. This building of worship is also called St Mary’s Church. After being inaugurated in 1225, it has become the only surviving medieval church in the city. There are about 400 recorded graves under the floor of this cathedral. Another notable structure in the building is the red marble font, dated from the 13th century, yet much of the interior has changed since its inception.

Lund Cathedral.

•Gothenburg Cathedral is situated in the city of Gothenburg and a prime local tourist attraction. Besides being a site of worship services, it also hosts classical concerts and recitals. This building has a neoclassical style.

The original cathedral was inaugurated in 1633. Even before that, for a period of about 12 years, the temporary Gothenburg stave church was at the site.

One night on the 15 April 1721, the cathedral among many other buildings burnt down. However the cathedral wall’s remained and was the base for rebuilding the cathedral over just 13 months. Then on the 20 December 1802, another fire caused even greater destruction destroying the graveyard and even the walls could not be saved to be re-used. It took about 23 years for the cathedral to be inaugurated.

This cathedral holds the record of being the first church in Sweden to be fitted with central heating, 1852. Over the years this cathedral has undergone significant renovations. Its current structure is 59.4 meters tall and it has a classical style.

•Skara Cathedral is situated in the city of Skara, in central Sweden. This Gothic designed cathedral dates back to the 11 century and the current structure from the 13th century. This 65 meter tall cathedral has been documented as containing a grave in its oldest parts (medieval crypt) dating from the 11th century. Today it is noted as being one of the largest churches in the country.

•Lund Cathedral situated in the city of Lund with bronze doors placed at the main entrance point. Among the five organs in the cathedral that are played at regulated times, the gallery organ is noted as being one of the largest in the country. The smallest organ in the cathedral is the astronomical clock that was made in about 1424. It was in storage for a number of years and then later restored in 1923 and since then been a functioning part of the building. This clock has a calendar board from 1923 to 2123, is able to follow the phases of the Moon and the times of when the Sun sets.

This cathedral has Romanesque architecture. It is estimated that in about the 1080s building commenced on this sandstone structure, and today it is recognised as one of the oldest cathedrals in Sweden.

•Linköping Cathedral has Linköping Castle as an opposite neighbour. The site of the cathedral had an original structure, used for religious worship, which was wooden and built sometime in the 11 century. Later it was converted to stone in the year 1120, and half the size of the present building. It needed to be expanded way back then in 1230. Then by the end of 1420, Gothic styled chapels were added to the current building. Corrosion of the copper plated roof has given the cathedral a distinctive green coloured roof.